What is Castleman disease ?

Castleman disease is a non-malignant disorder of the lymph nodes.

  • It triggers the development of benign tumours in the lymph nodes.
  • It is not a type of cancer.
  • This disease is not contagious or hereditary.

It is diagnosed by examining a lymph node (biopsy) which has particular characteristics suggestive of the condition.

The disease can manifest in three different forms, which is significant in terms of presentation and treatment.

Simple laboratory tests conducted on a blood sample, combined with radiological examinations (scan or PET scan), can distinguish between the three different diseases.